Also known as the “Night of Broken Glass” Kristallnacht was a coordinated attack on Jewish people in Germany and Austria in November, 1938. Many were murdered and thousands were arrested and deported to concentration camps. Synagogues were destroyed and thousands of homes and businesses were ransacked. Kristallnacht was followed by further economic and political persecutions and is viewed by many historians as the beginning of the Final Solution, leading towards the genocide of the Holocaust.