Grover Cleveland

(1837-1908)

WHO S/HE WAS:

Grover Cleveland was both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. Cleveland is the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897) and thus is the only individual to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents.

WHAT S/HE SAID:

The ship of democracy, which has weathered all storms, may sink through the mutiny of those on board.

WHY S/HE MATTERED:

Despite pressure from American business interests in Hawaii, President Cleveland rejected annexation of the island Kingdom, leaving Hawaii nominally independent until the Spanish-American War, when, with the backing of President McKinley, Congress ratified an annexation treaty. In 1959 Hawaii would become the 50th state.

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