King Ferdinand VII
WHO HE WAS:
King Ferdinand VII was the King of Spain during a turbulent period of revolution and reconquest. His reign saw the Spanish colonies in America fight for independence, the invasion of Spain by Napoleonic France, and the consequential Spanish Constitution of 1812.
WHAT HE SAID:
"I am the king of Spain, and I can do as I please."
WHY HE MATTERED:
Ferdinand's decisions had far-reaching consequences, leading to political upheaval and colonial revolutions. His reign is marked by a legacy of resistance to liberal movements, the reversal of progressive reforms, and the eventual loss of most of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.