A guerrilla is any member of a small defensive force of irregular soldiers, usually volunteers, making surprise raids or attacks, often behind the lines of an invading enemy army. Guerrilla warfare has been widely employed, notably in Cuba and the Philippines during the late 19th century, and in Vietnam, Nicaragua, and elsewhere during the 20th century. Guerrillas also have been referred to as rebels and insurgents, hence the terms rebellion and insurgency.

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