WHO S/HE WAS:
Emilio Aguinaldo was a 19th century Filipino rebel who agitated for Philippine independence. He is recognized as the First President of the Philippines.
WHAT S/HE SAID:
God Almighty knows how unjust is the war which the Imperial arms have provoked and are maintaining against our unfortunate country! If the honest American patriots could understand the sad truth of this declaration, we are sure they would, without the least delay, stop this unspeakable horror.
WHY S/HE MATTERED:
In 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain. The United States did not recognize his government, and Aguinaldo declared war on the United States. By 1901, the United States had captured Aguinaldo, but sporadic resistance by Filipino rebels continued for another decade. By the end of the war, more than 4,000 American and 16,000 Filipino soldiers had lost their lives.