Theodore Roosevelt

(1858-1919)

Theodore D. Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth President of the United States, a Republican and at 42 years old, the youngest person ever to be President. He was a Progressive reformer who sought to move the dominant Republican Party into the Progressive camp. He distrusted wealthy businessmen and dissolved monopolistic corporations as a "trust buster". His "Square Deal" promised a fair shake for both the average citizen and the businessman. He was the first U.S. president to call for universal health care and national health insurance. He is most famous for his personality, his energy, and his "cowboy" image and that “Teddy” bears are named after him. Theodore Roosevelt believed America should be more active in world politics and is famous for the expression:

WHAT S/HE SAID:

Speak softly and carry a big stick.

WHY S/HE MATTERED:

Before becoming President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy. He resigned that post in 1898 to organize the Rough Riders, the first voluntary cavalry in the Spanish-American War. Roosevelt recruited a diverse group of cowboys, miners, law enforcement officials, and Native Americans to join the Rough Riders. They participated in the capture of Kettle Hill, and then charged across a valley to assist in the seizure of San Juan Ridge, the highest point of which is San Juan Hill.

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