Sam Houston: Architect of Texas Independence

Sam Houston

(1793-1863)

WHO HE WAS:

Sam Houston was an American soldier and politician, renowned for his pivotal role in securing Texas's independence from Mexico. He served as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, was a U.S. Senator after Texas's annexation, and became the governor of two different states: Tennessee and Texas. His military victory at the Battle of San Jacinto cemented his status as a Texas hero.

WHAT HE SAID:

"Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may."

WHY HE MATTERED:

Houston's leadership and victory in the Texas Revolution were instrumental in the formation of the Republic of Texas and its later annexation to the United States. He also worked to protect Native American rights and sought to avoid secession during the build-up to the Civil War, reflecting his complex legacy.